General Maintenance

Clean water and balanced water chemistry are the keys to pool maintenance. Establish a weekly routine to clean the pool and maintain the chemical balance. A shock treatment solves and prevents the majority of pool problems. Test the pH and free available chlorine in the pool water and shock treat, if necessary, on a weekly basis. Do an additional shock treatment if any of the following occurs:

Very heavy rains and windstorms
More swimmers than usual
Foul odor from pool water
Extreme temperatures
Swimmers with burning, red eyes
Algae growth
Murky, slimy water

Keeping the Pool Clean

Plan to spend at least six to eight hours per week on pool upkeep.


Skim debris out of the pool.
Clean all skimmer baskets during swimming season.


Test the water.
Clean the walls and floor. Use cleaners, brushes and vacuums recommended by the pool manufacturer. Start at the shallow end and continue to the deep end. Overlap each stroke when vacuuming and brushing to cover all areas thoroughly. Always keep the vacuum head under water while in use. To speed up the process, dedicate 10 minutes a day to brushing down the walls.
Hose down the pool area after cleaning and before using. Direct the spray away from the pool to prevent dirt from washing into the water.

Cleaning After a Storm

Summer storms can catch you off guard, but if you know a storm is approaching, cover the pool and anchor the sides of the cover with water bags or sandbags. If you have an automatic cleaner, turn it on. If you don’t have time to prepare, follow these steps to clean up:

Hose down the deck, spray away from the pool.
Remove all debris from the water surface with the skimmer.
Turn on the pump.
Brush the walls and floor. Push the dirt toward the drain.
Vacuum the pool completely.
Wait 20 minutes and vacuum the pool again to get all remaining dirt.
Test pH and adjust if necessary.

Water Problems and Solutions

All pool owners want clean and healthy water, but even with regular testing and cleaning, water problems arise from time to time. Listed below are problems you may encounter and solutions to fix them.